Plantar orthoses are required to treat many different foot conditions.
Flat feet are the result of an inexistent or collapsed plantar arch. They can also result from a congenital bone deformation. Pronation, hyperpronation, or inward-facing feet are other ways of referring to flat feet.
High-arched feet are characterized by an excessive hollowing of the plantar arch. Expressions such as “supination of the foot, “hypersupination of the foot”, or “outward-facing foot” are also used to describe this foot condition.
A heel spur is a benign bony prominence located under the heel bone, the calcaneum. Contrary to popular belief, the spur itself does not cause any pain.
Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the plantar fascia, the fibrous membrane that connects the heel bone to the bottom part of the toes.
Hallux valgus is an irregular deviation of the big toe toward the second toe. This misalignment causes the formation of a bony protrusion commonly known as “bunion”. Hammer toes are an irregular contracture or bending of the toes.
Sprains, tendinitis, capsulitis, neuroma, apophyses, and neuralgia are all medical podiatry terms used to describe different foot problems or conditions.